Politics

Bill Schubart: That Tim Newcomb political cartoon

Boss Tweed as depicted by cartoonist Thomas Nast.

Updated Feb. 21 at 9:42 p.m.

The recent vilification of Tim Newcomb’s cartoon portraying a convertible with former Gov. Madeleine May Kunin at the wheel, driving passengers Sen. Kesha Ram Hinsdale, Sen. Becca Balint and Lt. Gov. Molly Gray, the three candidates running for Peter Welch’s congressional seat, raises important questions.

Of greatest significance to me is the question: What do we lose as a culture when we lose the ability to laugh at ourselves?

Criticism of the cartoon seems to boil down to “sexism and racism,” to which some Democratic venerables have added “misogynistic, racist and ageist.” I have revisited the cartoon repeatedly and am struggling to see what some others are seeing, even as many defended the cartoon as simple political satire that makes fair fun of a current political event and its principal characters. After all, the meaning we give to what we see is in the eye of the beholder, not in the pen of the cartoonist.

Steve Pappas, the respected editorwho ran Newcomb's cartoon in both the Barre-Montpelier Times Argus and Rutland Herald, was emailed and phoned by a number of complainants and urged to resign. In response, he wrote a lucid defense of his decision to run Newcomb’s cartoon, as well as other political cartoons. 

Cathy Resmer, deputy publisher of Seven Days, wrote a pointed and wise defense of her paper running Newcomb's cartoon, as well, and noted that critics — including prominent Democrats — assailed the cartoon on social media. Others upset by the cartoon have contacted Newcomb’s clients and urged them not to hire him. 

Is this vigilante effort really about the supposed offender or about self-appointed judges themselves seeking recognition of their righteousness?

To the question of how best to voice criticism, I have in my dotage learned much from my daughter, a tireless worker for social justice and equity. She once quoted to me professor Loretta Ross, an eminent scholar at Smith, and it’s something I will never forget. Ross asks if we’re better served by “calling out” someone with whom we disagree or by “calling in” that person to invite dialogue, understanding and possible resolution. I believe this should be a guiding principle for civil society and applies here.

So, we must ask about the motives of the crusaders who feel compelled to “call out” their personal perceptions of the cartoon’s transgressions. Their tone is one of moral superiority, which detracts from the goal of shedding light on a real problem.

Is perhaps the person “calling out” another on some social transgression really hoping to define their moral superiority, rather than trying to shed light on a real problem, whereas one “calling in” that person seeks dialogue and mutual understanding? Was Sen. Joseph McCarthy trying to out Communists or establish his patriotic bona fides? Were the Salem witch trials about eliminating witches from society or establishing their Puritan judges as morally superior?

Much of the criticism took place on social media with no human interaction. Is haranguing each other from the catacombs of social media a good, or even effective, way of bringing supposed or real transgressions to the light of day and dialogue?

A chorus of “calling out” moralists has emerged today, especially on social media, where human-to-human interaction is impossible. Are self-selecting, social-media echo chambers intellectually inclusive, equitably diverse, or even real dialogue? Hardly.

As we see the growth of this tendency to denounce rather than to explain and elicit conversation, the question of whether we can ever reconcile free speech and the “cancel culture,” as Prof. Ross calls it, looms large.

The adverse reaction to the cartoon seems to ignore or be unaware of the long and respected journalistic tradition of poking graphic and written fun at politicians and people in high places as long as it doesn’t cross the bounds of civility that undergirds a healthy civil society.

The edgy tradition of cartooning and lampooning in print goes back to Honoré Daumier, Goya and further:

Thomas Nast, the great American cartoonist who lampooned Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall in New York City during the 1870s and ‘80s, was one of the best-known practitioners of political cartooning in American history.

While kindness is a virtue, satire has much to teach us. The job of the political cartoonist is not to bring aid and comfort to the rich and powerful, but rather to convey another perspective on their works, a graphic commentary.

When I was young, we traded issues of Mad Magazine, and better-educated kids than I sent home issues of the Harvard Lampoon for us to enjoy. The British had Punch.

Today, we are seeing the chilling impacts not only of our calling-out culture, but also self-appointed critics culling books from school and community libraries, pseudo-educators seeking to control what we teach about our checkered history in our schools — with the avowed goal of limiting curriculums that might induce “any individual to feel discomfort, guilt, anguish, or any other form of psychological distress on account of his or her race or sex.” 

This dismal trend is misguided. Only when we acknowledge the rights and wrongs of our past can we learn from them and correct them to make a better society for all. Ironically (to me), this is a basic tenet of many religions — that we admit our sins and then atone for them.

In another recent case, intolerance led to the suspension of Joseph Donarum, the principal at Enosburg Falls High School, for using the school intercom to speak to students about sporting events with Winooski, known for the diversity of its students, where Enosburg students were overheard using racial and gender slurs, raising the question of when occasional questionable judgment  — use of the school intercom system and directly citing offensive language to talk to all the students and staff — warrants public condemnation, suspension, and possible termination.

Donarum immediately apologized for what he called bad judgment and added, “In my message, I intended to communicate to the entire EFMHS community that I want us all to join together to create a school-wide environment that is safe, tolerant, welcoming, creative, and dynamic for all people. Language that is dehumanizing, hurtful, marginalizing, or alienates anyone will not be tolerated.” It is as yet unclear whether Donarum’s suspension will be permanent.

Even more concerning … The first form of attack in preserving the power of the few over the lives of the many is censorship. We see it more and more in the illiberal countries of Hungary, Egypt, Turkey, and Poland. It’s endemic in long-standing autocracies like Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, and North Korea. Here at home, we can no longer see censorship as a foreign evil. But ironically, it’s coming not from our government but from the powerful, monied interests driving much of the “calling-out” culture across our political spectrum.

By the way, the virulent reaction to Newcomb’s cartoon did not come from the right-wing of Vermont politics.

I’ve spent too much time staring at this cranky cartoon looking for transgressive (racist, ageist, misogynistic) elements. What I see is a typical political cartoon like hundreds I’ve seen over the years from Jeff DanzigerEd KorenTin NewcombAl Salzman and many others.

Let’s retain and cherish our sense of humor and community or we really are doomed as a nation.

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