Community health leaders say they have figured out how to save money on treating Vermonters with long-term needs.
A half-dozen organizations that make up the Support and Services at Home, or SASH, program gathered at the Statehouse on Wednesday with representatives of Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., and Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt.
The groups announced that they slowed the growth of federal Medicare spending on long-term care for senior citizens and people with disabilities by about $1,500 per person between 2011 and 2014.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced the results in a January report. The report said about 3,500 people participated in SASH during the time period, and savings were highest for the roughly 50 percent who had been in the program the longest.
As a group, the people who participated in SASH for the longest also had lower growth in health care costs for emergency room visits, outpatient hospital visits, primary care visits and specialist doctor visits, the report says. The report found smaller savings for patients in the program for a short period of time.
“The real greatness in my mind is about the quality of life improvements, and that is absolutely priceless,” said Kim Fitzgerald, the chief executive officer of Cathedral Square, the South Burlington-based nonprofit organization that set up the SASH program.
Sixty-five social service organizations, including ones handling affordable housing, mental health, primary care, elder care and disability services, are part of SASH. The number of people enrolled has increased to about 4,500, according to Cathedral Square, and 69 percent of them use Medicare. An additional 19 percent have a combination of Medicare and Medicaid.
The SASH program is integrated into Vermont’s Blueprint for Health — a health reform program that encourages patients to establish “medical homes” so a primary care doctor can coordinate the patient’s care with any specialists the person sees.
The cornerstone of the SASH program allows people to “age in place.” That means senior citizens and people with disabilities can receive health care and social services in their home and avoid being placed in nursing homes, which are some of the most expensive medical facilities.
Camille George, the deputy commissioner of the Department of Disabilities, Aging and Independent Living, said the SASH program “puts each person in the driver’s seat” and allows them to remain “happy, safe and at home, on their terms.”
George said the coordinated care program has reduced the rate of participants falling down and getting hurt, increased age-appropriate vaccinations for participants, increased how many people have their high blood pressure under control, and increased how many people have signed advance directives regarding their care.
John Michael Hall, executive director of the Champlain Agency on Aging, called the SASH program “precedent-setting” because Vermont is the only state to use it, and the federal government’s report shows that it’s working.
Hall said he began working in home health care 37 years ago, when social service organizations would often get involved in senior citizens’ health care after they were experiencing severe issues like dementia.
He said that led to “overreliance on hospitals, our continued habit of chasing disease when it’s at its most expensive instead of preventing it.” And he said governments should be “keeping people healthy, instead of being content to pay for them when they are very sick.”
Correction: A photo caption incorrectly identified Eileen Peltier as Molly Dugan.