State strikes out in Vermont Yankee trust fund fight

vermont Yankee
The spent fuel pool at Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant holds 2,996 spent fuel assemblies, each measuring about 7 inches by 7 inches, that are awaiting a move to dry cask storage. Photo courtesy Vermont Yankee
VERNON – The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has mostly rejected a state complaint about decommissioning spending at Vermont Yankee. The decision ends the last state appeal on how decommissioning funds are used thus ending the last such appeal that had been pending before the federal agency.

Nearly a year ago, Vermont officials had demanded a “robust, comprehensive and participatory review” of the ways in which Entergy Vermont Yankee administrators are spending money from the shut-down plant’s decommissioning trust fund.

But the NRC’s ruling, issued Thursday, dismisses Vermont’s challenge to federal trust fund supervision.

The state has alleged that Entergy is spending down the fund for activities not related decommissioning.

The NRC said federal regulations are designed to ensure plant owners don’t run out of cash before decommissioning is complete.

“Moreover, our ongoing oversight of Entergy’s compliance with our regulatory structure provides reasonable assurance that sufficient funds will be available to decommission Vermont Yankee in accordance with our regulations,” commissioners wrote.

The NRC did, however, decide to order an environmental assessment associated with Entergy’s use of trust money for long-term management of spent nuclear fuel. That was a relatively small victory for the state.

“While we are disappointed that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission denied our request for a hearing (on trust fund spending), we are glad that they ordered further environmental review,” said Kyle Landis-Marinello, a Vermont assistant attorney general who’s been involved in the issue.

Use of the trust fund has been a constant point of contention between the state and Entergy since the December 2014 shutdown of Vermont Yankee.

The plant is headed into SAFSTOR, a program under which decommissioning – which is expected to cost $1.24 billion – could take up to 60 years. But the actual timing of that work will depend in part on growth of the decommissioning trust fund.

Entergy has been spending from the fund since shutdown, and its levels also fluctuate due to market performance. At a meeting in Vernon Thursday night, Entergy reported that the fund held $574.9 million at the end of September.

Vermont has raised concerns about Entergy using the trust fund for expenses such as property taxes and insurance payments, as well as for long-term management of spent nuclear fuel stored at the site. Fuel management is a big-ticket item at Vermont Yankee – $225 million – but the NRC has issued a regulatory exemption allowing that money to come from the fund.

State officials have tried various tactics to limit Entergy’s spending, including regulatory filings and a lawsuit. The suit was dismissed last year on procedural grounds.

In November 2015, the state filed a petition requesting that the NRC take a hard look at Entergy’s spending. Officials expressed fears that there could eventually be “a shortfall in the decommissioning fund that prevents the site from being fully decontaminated and restored.”

“Considered together, Entergy’s actions threaten to undermine the radiological decommissioning work that is the very purpose of the fund,” state officials wrote at the time. “Unless the commission intervenes, Entergy will divert hundreds of millions of dollars from their intended purpose.”

Both Entergy and the NRC staff responded with sharp rebukes of Vermont’s arguments, using words like “duplicative,” “impermissible,” “alarmist,” “meritless” and “vague” to describe the state’s position.

On Thursday, NRC commissioners decided the matter. They said some of Vermont’s contentions were not raised in the correct forum.

Commissioners did not find fault with Entergy’s use of the fund for spent fuel management. And, though an arm of the NRC last year required Entergy to disclose certain uses of the trust fund in advance, commissioners declined to order that the company provide any additional details.

When it comes to trust fund spending, state officials “do not demonstrate that the information that Entergy provides is inadequate,” the ruling says.

The NRC also denied most of the state’s requests for further environmental review.

The commission did order an environmental assessment related to the previous regulatory exemption granted for spending trust fund money on Vermont Yankee’s spent fuel management. But that order doesn’t appear to concern plant administrators.

“Based on our preliminary review, we are pleased with the decision by NRC commissioners in the matters brought forth by the state of Vermont regarding the use of the decommissioning trust fund,” Vermont Yankee spokesman Marty Cohn said Thursday.

“We do not see any need to change the way we are cost-effectively utilizing the decommissioning trust fund to safely and efficiently decommission Vermont Yankee,” Cohn added.

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  • Brenda Pepin

    ‘Both Entergy and the NRC staff responded with sharp rebukes of Vermont’s arguments, using words like “duplicative,” “impermissible,” “alarmist,” “meritless” and “vague” to describe the state’s position.

    “On Thursday, NRC commissioners decided the matter. They said some of Vermont’s contentions were not raised in the correct forum.’

    My tax dollars at work. We need change in Montpelier!

  • I very much support the State in it’s attempt to be involved with the deployment of these funds.
    It is sad when the non-elected NRC decides how Vermont should behave, and what a major corporation can do in spite of local opposition. Not to mention the enormous legal costs the State has incurred trying to gain some oversight into what is an issue Vermonters will be dealing with for a very long time.
    The NRC’s “heavy-handed” approach is quite similar to our Public Service Board’s tone deaf approach for local oversight of corporate wind mining.

  • Bob Zeliff

    What does Entergy charge the fund as it’s management fee of the fund itself?

    Do we have an independant estimate of what decommissioning costs will be? I there a significant difference than what Entergy projects?

  • Tom Buchanan

    The NRC regulates nuclear decommissioning and the use of the trust fund specifically for nuclear decommissioning expenses. The NRC does not regulate non-radiological decommissioning expenses such as property tax settlements or site restoration expenses.

    Paragraph 7 of the docket 6545 MOU (sale agreement) limits use of the decommissioning trust to specific categories of expenses, which almost certainly excludes things like property tax payments. The Public Service Board should now establish a process for approving expenses and disbursement of funds from the Decommissioning Trust Fund for expenses that are not directly associated with radiological decommissioning. The Windham Regional Commission saw this need throughout the CPG process, and repeatedly argued the Board should address these issues promptly (see docket 7862 WRC Reply Brief, section VIII). The Board should do so now, and the Department should petition for a new docket to review these expenditures.