People & Places

The ‘Genius’ of Windsor, Vermont

Editor Max Perkins’ former Windsor home is now the Snapdragon Inn. Courtesy photo/Nathan Larson Photography

After a long day at the office, some people lose themselves in a good book. The late editor Max Perkins — the man who discovered such talents as F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway and Thomas Wolfe — had to find solace elsewhere.

In his case, the town of Windsor, Vermont.

Working nearly four decades at New York publishing powerhouse Charles Scribner’s Sons, Perkins labored on such groundbreaking novels as Fitzgerald’s 1925 “The Great Gatsby,” Hemingway’s 1926 “The Sun Also Rises” and Wolfe’s 1929 “Look Homeward, Angel,” then boarded a train to the small town he escaped to almost every summer of his life.

“No one could have known Max who did not understand what Windsor, or Vermont in general, meant for him,” wrote friend and Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Van Wyck Brooks, who believed the area kept Perkins at heart “so direct, so uninfluenced by prejudice, so unclouded by secondary feelings, so immediate, so fresh.”

On Friday, moviegoers in the nation’s largest cities will see that spirit revived with the opening of the film “Genius,” starring Colin Firth as Perkins, Laura Linney as the editor’s wife, Jude Law as Wolfe and Nicole Kidman as the author’s lover.

The British production doesn’t picture his Windsor home — now Main Street’s Snapdragon Inn — which was “for Max Perkins the most glorious place on earth,” writes A. Scott Berg in his National Book Award-winning biography “Max Perkins: Editor of Genius.” But audiences will learn what motivated him to return year after year even as he made publishing history in his native Manhattan.

‘Unlikely for his profession’

Born in 1884, Maxwell Evarts Perkins graduated from Harvard University in 1907 and worked as a reporter for The New York Times before moving on to Scribner’s in 1910.

Max Perkins
Editor Max Perkins discovered such talents as F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway and Thomas Wolfe. Courtesy photo

“Perkins was unlikely for his profession,” Berg writes. “He was a terrible speller, his punctuation was idiosyncratic, and when it came to reading, he was by his own admission ‘slow as an ox.’”

The young editor also took risks, unlike older colleagues who favored the company’s classic “novel of manners” collections of Henry James and Edith Wharton. Perkins raised eyebrows, for example, when he expressed interest in a manuscript submitted by a 21-year-old soldier.

“Ninety percent of the stories that appear are derived from life through the rarefying medium of literature,” he wrote the aspiring author. “Yours are direct from life it seems to me. This is true also of the language and style; it is that of the day.”

Perkins had to fight his superiors to publish the writer — Fitzgerald, who would introduce his editor to a friend with similar aspirations — Hemingway.

“Continuing with each new writer he took on, he slowly altered the traditional notion of the editor’s role,” Berg writes. “He sought out authors who were not just ‘safe,’ conventional in style and bland in content, but who spoke in a new voice about the new values of the postwar world. In this way, as an editor he did more than reflect the standards of his age; he consciously influenced and changed them by the new talents he published.”

‘Windsor was the most loved place’

Perkins worked with a few traditional types, helping President Calvin Coolidge edit a collection of speeches and commissioning illustrations from artist friend Maxfield Parrish, who lived across the Connecticut River in Plainfield, New Hampshire.

As for people who asked, “Why don’t you write yourself?” he replied: “Because I’m an editor.”

The movie “Genius” focuses on the laconic, introverted Perkins’ relationship with the loud, extroverted Wolfe, who submitted a 1,114-page, 333,000-word manuscript, only to wrestle with his editor seemingly day and night for a year as they shaped it into the novel “Look Homeward, Angel.”

Max Perkins movie
Colin Firth, left, portrays editor Max Perkins and Jude Law plays author Thomas Wolfe in the new film “Genius,” opening in the nation’s largest cities this week. Courtesy photo

“The first time I heard of Thomas Wolfe,” Perkins went on to write, “I had a sense of foreboding. I who loved the man say this. Every good thing that comes is accompanied by trouble.”

Enter Windsor, where the editor’s maternal grandfather created a family compound of houses in the early 1800s and cultivated the surrounding acreage into woods called Paradise.

“Windsor was the most loved place by my grandfather,” says Jane Harding Gurney, of Weathersfield, whose mother, Bertha Perkins Frothingham, was the first of the editor’s five daughters. “I always loved Windsor because my mother loved it, too. She would tell wonderful stories.”

Berg shares many in his book. The editor, for example, so appreciated hiking up Mount Ascutney with his children, he would have named one of them after the local landmark had his wife not objected.

‘He was just Grandpa to me’

“Perkins’s greatest pleasure in Windsor was in losing himself on a long solitary stroll,” Berg writes. “A ‘real walk’ he used to call it. Alone, he would stride across the same ground his ancestors had before him.”

“Perkins joined his vacationing family in Windsor as often as he could,” the biographer continues. “He insisted that his dreams were more vivid and that he slept more soundly in Windsor than anywhere else. He always returned from Paradise rejuvenated, ready to face the accumulated papers on his untidy desk.”

Ruth King Porter, who lives in the hamlet of Adamant in Calais, was too young to glean many personal memories of her grandfather. But Porter, the author of two novels, learned much about him and his Windsor connection editing her aunt Bert’s book, “Father to Daughter: The Family Letters of Maxwell Perkins.”

“What I noticed is he treated his daughters the same way he treated his authors — very gently,” she says today. “His editor letters are really important to me, too. That’s how I learned how to write.”

Gurney, for her part, remembers family Sunday dinners.

“I loved to listen to the grown-ups talk about politics and authors and the book my grandfather was editing at the time. He would be reading manuscripts that would be all over the living room floor,” she says. “The conversations would get quite argumentative, but everyone respected everyone else. He was acclaimed, but he was just Grandpa to me.”

‘I had always meant to end up there’

Perkins had hardly exhaled after finishing Wolfe’s “Look Homeward, Angel” when the stock market crashed in 1929, leading to the Great Depression. The book business took a hit — although not as big a blow as Windsor suffered in what historians call the Great New England Hurricane of 1938 or as the nation felt with the start of World War II.

The editor had told such friends as Alexander Woollcott — inspiration for the title role of the play “The Man Who Came to Dinner,” who had a summer house on Lake Bomoseen — he wanted to retire to Vermont. But as his world and well-being deteriorated, thoughts of his happy Windsor past only compounded his present sadness.

“I had always meant to end up there,” he wrote Woollcott, “but I can’t do it.”

Perkins died in 1947. His family retained his Vermont hideaway until a decade ago. Several of his grandchildren and great-grandchildren will attend the movie’s Hollywood premiere, having read early mixed reviews summed up by the BBC: “It is closer in spirit to the orderly and sensible Perkins than the wild and adventurous Wolfe.”

Back in Vermont, other relatives aren’t sure when the film will reach the state — or whether they’ll be satisfied when it does.

“Didn’t they make a movie about Steve Jobs, and his daughter said, ‘That’s not the guy I knew’?” Porter says. “If it’s someone in your family, it’s not going to be quite right.”

Especially when it’s competing with so many fond memories.

If you read us, please support us.

Comment Policy requires that all commenters identify themselves by their authentic first and last names. Initials, pseudonyms or screen names are not permissible.

No personal harrassment, abuse, or hate speech is permitted. Comments should be 1000 characters or fewer.

We moderate every comment. Please go to our FAQ for the full policy.

Kevin O'Connor

Recent Stories

Thanks for reporting an error with the story, "The ‘Genius’ of Windsor, Vermont"
  • Robbie Harold

    Scott Berg’s book referenced here, “Max Perkins: Editor of Genius,” turned me into a Perkins fan. He was a fascinating, modest man without whom our modern literary culture would be inconceivable. Delighted to hear someone’s turned him into a movie hero. Hope it makes it to the Savoy!

  • Douglas Shane

    Thank you for the article, Kevin. Maxwell Perkins has long been a hero to this sometime editor, and I can only hope that the film does him justice. (The presence of Colin Firth, Nicole Kidman, and Jude Law makes it a possibility…)

  • A great story, as I love Hemingway and have been to Woolcot’s place on Actors Island in Bomoseen. I sat at the kitchen table there and looked up at the photo of one sitting there before me –Vivian Leigh and somebody who should not have been there. Don’t get me started or I’ll tell you about my aquaintance with Arnold Gingrich, who published Ernie.

  • Maxine Honney borcuk

    When I we a child I spent many days at the Perkins house as my parents cleaned and opened them up for the summer for the family. My grandmother was a nurse for the lady I called “Madame Perkins.”. I remember she was in bed. My job was to dust the two stairways. Playing on that big lawn was such a treat.
    Also my mom and gram cleaned the Cox house and the Evarts house. When I got older I baby sat the Cox two granddaughters and Archibald Cox drove me home afterwards. Great memories.

  • Maxine Honney Borcuk

    My time there was 1930 s and 1940s.

    • Thank you Kevin for your well researched story of Maxwell Perkins. Windsor deserves this recognition among its other admirable qualities – too many to mention here. Having grown up in Burlington, and now currently living here in Windsor, for many years I only recognized it as the home of the “State Prison”. Even now we are relegated to the back pages of the local paper, unless there is a major drug bust – then we qualify as “front page news”.